Child Rights are linked together and no one is more important than the other.
According to a UNICEF report, all the 54 articles in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNCRC must be seen as a whole. The right to relax and play (Article 31) and the right to freedom of expression (Article 13) have equal importance as the right to be safe from violence (Article 19) and the right to education (Article 28).
The Convention has 54 articles that cover all aspects of a child’s life and set out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights that all children everywhere are entitled to. It also explains how adults and governments must work together to make sure all children can enjoy all their rights.
A quick check on the 54 Articles
A child means every human being below the age of 18.
States parties must ensure all rights apply to children regardless of their age, race, religion, gender, wealth or birthplace.
All signatories to the convention must work towards actions in the best interests of the child.
Governments must make these rights available to all children.
Governments and parents must ensure children are equipped with the knowledge to understand their rights.
All children have an inherent right to life.
Governments should respect a child’s right to a name and nationality.
Governments must respect a child’s right to their own identity.
Children should not be removed from their parents unless for their own good.
Families living in different countries should be able to move between them so children can have direct contact with both parents.
Governments must take all measures to combat the illegal removal of children from their country.
Children have the right to express their views freely in all matters affecting them.
Children have the right to freedom of expression and can seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds.
Governments should respect the right of children to have freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Children have the right to freedom of association.
Children have the right to privacy.
Governments should ensure children have access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual and moral wellbeing and health.
Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child, with the best interests of the child their basic concern.
Governments should ensure children are protected from all forms of physical and mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect and exploitation.
Children who cannot be cared for by their own parents should be looked after by people who respect their religion, culture and language.
When a child is adopted, their best interests should be the utmost priority
Children who enter a country as refugees should have the same rights as children born in that country.
Children with any kind of disability must have special care and support.
Children have the right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. Governments should work towards the development of healthcare and diminish disease and child mortality.
Children placed in care have the right to have their situation reviewed by their local authorities regularly.
Governments should provide the right resources for children if they need to benefit from social security.
All children have the right to a standard of living adequate for their physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
All children have the right to an education.
Education should help the development of a child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities so they can reach their full potential.
Children have the right to practise their own religion or language.
All children have the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.
Governments must protect children from economic exploitation or performing work that can interfere with their education or could be harmful to their development.
Governments must take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect children from the illicit use of drugs and prevent use of children in the production and trafficking of such substances.
Governments must protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation.
Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or trafficked.
Children must be protected from all forms of exploitation that can harm their welfare.
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel treatment or punishment; no child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child shall only be used as a last report and for the shortest appropriate period of time.
Governments should take all feasible measures to ensure that children under the age of 15 don’t take direct part in armed conflicts.
Governments should take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of children exposed to neglect, exploitation or abuse.
Children accused of breaking the law should receive legal help.
If the laws of a country protect a child better than the articles of the convention, then the laws should be followed.
Governments should make this convention widely known to adults and children.
These articles contain methods for institutions, organisations and individuals to ensure respect for child rights.